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A FOOLish Encoding of the Next State Relations of Imperative Programs

EasyChair Preprint no. 98

16 pagesPublished: April 25, 2018

Abstract

Automated theorem provers are routinely used in program analysis and verification for checking program properties. These properties are translated from program fragments to formulas expressed in the logic supported by the theorem prover. Such translations can be complex and require deep knowledge of how theorem provers work in order for the prover to succeed on the translated formulas. Our previous work introduced FOOL, a modification of first-order logic that extends it with syntactical constructs resembling features of programming languages. One can express program properties directly in FOOL and leave translations to plain first-order logic to the theorem prover. 

In this paper we present a FOOL encoding of the next state relations of imperative programs. Based on this encoding we implement a translation of imperative programs annotated with their pre- and post-conditions to partial correctness properties of these programs. We present experimental results which demonstrate that program properties translated using our method can be efficiently checked by the first-order theorem prover Vampire.

Keyphrases: automated theorem prover, automated theorem proving, first-order logic, first-order theorem prover, fool formula, next state relation, program verification, static analysis, theorem prover, Vampire

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
@Booklet{EasyChair:98,
  author = {Evgenii Kotelnikov and Laura Kovács and Andrei Voronkov},
  title = {A FOOLish Encoding of the Next State Relations of Imperative Programs},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 98},
  doi = {10.29007/33zz},
  year = {EasyChair, 2018}}
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