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Anytime and Efficient Coalition Formation with Spatial and Temporal Constraints

EasyChair Preprint no. 3054, version 3

Versions: 123history
17 pagesDate: April 15, 2020

Abstract

The Coalition Formation with Spatial and Temporal constraints Problem (CFSTP) is a multi-agent task allocation problem where the agents are cooperative and few, the tasks are many, spatially distributed, with deadlines and workloads, and the objective is to find a schedule that maximises the number of completed tasks. The current state-of-the-art CFSTP solver, the Coalition Formation with Look-Ahead (CFLA) algorithm, has two main limitations. First, its time complexity is quadratic with the number of tasks and exponential with the number of agents, which makes it not efficient. Second, its look-ahead technique is not effective in real-world scenarios, such as open multi-agent systems, where new tasks can appear at any time. Motivated by this, we propose an extension of CFLA, which we call Coalition Formation with Improved Look-Ahead (CFLA+). Since CFLA+ inherits the limitations of CFLA, we also develop a novel algorithm to solve the CFSTP, the first to be both anytime and efficient, which we call Clustered-based Coalition Formation (CCF). We empirically show that, in settings where the look-ahead technique is highly effective, CCF completes up to 20% (resp. 10%) more tasks than CFLA (resp. CFLA+) while being up to four orders of magnitude faster. Our results affirm CCF as the new state-of-the-art CFSTP solver.

Keyphrases: Agent Allocation, anytime, autonomous agent, cfla algorithm, cluster based coalition formation, coalition formation, efficient, Max-Sum, multi-agent system, multi-robot system, multiagent system, RoboCup Rescue Simulation, spatial and temporal constraints, task allocation, temporal constraint, XD [ST-MR-TA]

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
@Booklet{EasyChair:3054,
  author = {Luca Capezzuto and Danesh Tarapore and Sarvapali D. Ramchurn},
  title = {Anytime and Efficient Coalition Formation with Spatial and Temporal Constraints},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 3054},

  year = {EasyChair, 2020}}
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