Download PDFOpen PDF in browser

Specifying and Verbalising Answer Set Programs in Controlled Natural Language

EasyChair Preprint no. 194

15 pagesPublished: May 31, 2018


We show how a bi-directional grammar can be used to specify and verbalise answer set programs in controlled natural language. We start from a program specification in controlled natural language and translate this specification automatically into an executable answer set program. The resulting answer set program can be modified following certain naming conventions and the revised version of the program can then be verbalised in the same subset of natural language that was used as specification language. The bi-directional grammar is parametrised for processing and generation, deals with referring expressions, and exploits symmetries in the data structure of the grammar rules whenever these grammar rules need to be duplicated. We demonstrate that verbalisation requires sentence planning in order to aggregate similar structures with the aim to improve the readability of the generated specification. Without modifications, the generated specification is always semantically equivalent to the original one; our bi-directional grammar is the first one that allows for semantic round-tripping in the context of controlled natural language processing.

Keyphrases: Answer Set Programming, Bi-directional Grammars, Controlled Natural Languages, executable specifications, sentence planning

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Rolf Schwitter},
  title = {Specifying and Verbalising Answer Set Programs in Controlled Natural Language},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 194},
  doi = {10.29007/g6ph},
  year = {EasyChair, 2018}}
Download PDFOpen PDF in browser