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A Dynamic Regret Analysis and Adaptive Regularization Algorithm for On-Policy Robot Imitation Learning

EasyChair Preprint no. 752

29 pagesPublished: January 22, 2019

Abstract

On-policy imitation learning algorithms such as Dagger evolve a robot control policy by executing it, measuring performance (loss), obtaining corrective feedback from a supervisor, and generating the next policy. As the loss between iterations can vary unpredictably, a fundamental question is under what conditions this process will eventually achieve a converged policy. If one assumes the underlying trajectory distribution is static (stationary), it is possible to prove convergence for Dagger. Cheng and Boots (2018) consider the more realistic model for robotics where the underlying trajectory distribution, which is a function of the policy, is dynamic and show that it is possible to prove convergence when a condition on the rate of change of the trajectory distributions is satisfied. In this paper, we reframe that result using dynamic regret theory from the field of Online Optimization to prove convergence to locally optimal policies for Dagger, Imitation Gradient, and Multiple Imitation Gradient. These results inspire a new algorithm, Adaptive On-Policy Regularization (AOR), that ensures the conditions for convergence. We present simulation results with cart-pole balancing and walker locomotion benchmarks that suggest AOR can significantly decrease dynamic regret and chattering. To our knowledge, this the first application of dynamic regret theory to imitation learning.

Keyphrases: Imitation Learning, machine learning, Optimization

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
@Booklet{EasyChair:752,
  author = {Jonathan Lee and Michael Laskey and Ajay Kumar Tanwani and Anil Aswani and Ken Goldberg},
  title = {A Dynamic Regret Analysis and Adaptive Regularization Algorithm for On-Policy Robot Imitation Learning},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 752},
  doi = {10.29007/25x3},
  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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