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Impact Response of Base Isolated Building with Adjacent Structures

14 pagesPublished: July 22, 2017

Abstract

The seismic behavior of multi-storied building supported on Friction pendulum system (FPS) during impact with adjacent structure is examined. One lateral degree of freedom is considered at each floor, base mass and slider. Adjacent structure (i.e. retaining walls or entry bridges) is modeled as an impact element in form of spring and dashpot. The impact response of FPS bearing is studied under 60 records consisting of service level, design basis and maximum credible earthquakes. Newmark’s step by step iteration method is used to solve the differential equations of motion for the isolated system. The impact response of isolated building is studied under the variation of important system parameters such as size of gap and stiffness of impact element. To reduce the influence of impact a viscous damper is employed between the isolated building and adjacent structure. It is concluded that during impact with adjacent structure the superstructure acceleration and base shear increases while bearing displacement decreases. The employment of viscous damper shows considerable reduction in bearing displacements, base shear and impact force during DBE and MCE events. Further, the effects of impact are found critical if the superstructure is flexible and greater stiffness of impact element. The top floor acceleration increases with the isolation gap up to certain limit and again reduces with the increase in isolation gap.
Keywords - Adjacent Structure; isolation; Sliding bearing; Viscous Damper; Gap effect; Floor acceleration; Impact

Keyphrases: Adjacent Structure, Floor acceleration, Gap effect, impact, isolation, sliding bearing, viscous damper

In: C. D. Modhera, G. J. Joshi, D.P Soni, Indrajit N. Patel, A. K. Verma, L. B. Zala, S. D. Dhiman, D. R. Bhatt, Jagdish M. Rathod, Bhargav C. Goradiya, Mehfuza S. Holia and Dharita K. Patel (editors). ICRISET2017. International Conference on Research and Innovations in Science, Engineering and Technology. Selected Papers in Civil Engineering, vol 1, pages 16--29

Links:
BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{ICRISET2017:Impact_Response_of_Base,
  author    = {Niraj Shinde and Devesh Soni},
  title     = {Impact Response of Base Isolated Building with Adjacent Structures},
  booktitle = {ICRISET2017. International Conference on Research and Innovations in  Science, Engineering and Technology. Selected Papers in Civil Engineering},
  editor    = {C. D. Modhera and G. J. Joshi and D.P Soni and Indrajit N. Patel and A. K. Verma and L. B. Zala and S. D. Dhiman and D. R. Bhatt and Jagdish M. Rathod and Bhargav C. Goradiya and Mehfuza S. Holia and Dharita K. Patel},
  series    = {Kalpa Publications in Civil Engineering},
  volume    = {1},
  pages     = {16--29},
  year      = {2017},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
  issn      = {2515-1789},
  url       = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/g3LJ},
  doi       = {10.29007/275r}}

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