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Post Operative Analysis of a Novel Application of Surgical Navigation

4 pagesPublished: September 26, 2020

Abstract

A cohort of 84 patients underwent Total Knee Replacement surgery using Patient Specific Instrumentation fitted with an optical tracker that was monitored by a Computer Assisted Surgery system. The CAS system was low cost with small footprint in the operating theatre. The hip centre was collected and four other landmarks were recorded as rotational measures. The CAS system then reported the deviation in PSI placement against the targeted PSI placement, the surgeon then made a judgement whether to replace the guide. Post-operative analysis was done to determine the achieved alignment of the component and compared to the targeted alignment. From 45 results available for analysis the study found that the mean of rotational measures over the femur and tibia were found to be within ±30 of the targeted alignment, except for femur sagittal alignment. When a single outlier was removed from the femur sagittal alignment measures, the mean fell below ±30 of the targeted alignment. Distal femoral condyle resection measures fell below a mean of 1mm and posterior femoral condyle measures fell below a mean of 2mm. Lateral proximal tibial resection fell below a mean of 2.5mm as did medial proximal tibial resection when two outliers were removed. This shows that a CAS system incorporating the low cost, quicker time, and smaller footprint benefits of PSI with the accuracy of traditional navigation may be a feasible device.

Keyphrases: computer assisted surgery, Low cost Navigation, Patient Specific Instrumentation

In: Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena and Fabio Tatti (editors). CAOS 2020. The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 4, pages 246--249

Links:
BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{CAOS2020:Post_Operative_Analysis_of,
  author    = {Benjamin Roberts and Willy Theodore},
  title     = {Post Operative Analysis of a Novel Application of Surgical Navigation},
  booktitle = {CAOS 2020. The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery},
  editor    = {Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena and Fabio Tatti},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Health Sciences},
  volume    = {4},
  pages     = {246--249},
  year      = {2020},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
  issn      = {2398-5305},
  url       = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/ZfMd},
  doi       = {10.29007/qmm6}}
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