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A Parallel Construction of the Symbolic Observation Graph: the Basis for Efficient Model Checking of Concurrent Systems

13 pagesPublished: March 26, 2017

Abstract

Model checking is a powerful and widespread technique for the verification of finite dis- tributed systems. It takes as input a formal model of a system and a formal specification (formula) of a property to be checked, and states whether the system satisfies the property or not. Since it is based on state space traversal algorithms, the model checking approach suffers from the well known state space explosion problem. Indeed the space (and conse- quently the time) requirements increase exponentially with the size of the models. One way to deal with this problem is symbolic model checking. It aims at checking the prop- erty on a compact representation of the system by using Binary Decision Diagram (BDD) techniques. Another way is to parallelize the construction/traversal of the state space on multiple processors. In this paper, we combine the two mentioned approaches by propos- ing an efficient multi-threaded algorithm for the construction of the so called Symbolic Observation Graph (SOG). It is a hybrid structure where the transitions of the system are divided into observed and unobserved ones. The nodes of this graph are then defined as sets of states linked with unobserved transitions (and encoded symbolically with a BDD) and edges are labeled with observed transitions only (and represented explicitly). The basic idea is that each thread owns one part of the SOG construction. We measured the runtime of the parallel SOG construction algorithm on several models, and the obtained results are very competitive. The preliminary evaluations we have done on standard examples show that our method outperforms the sequential method which makes it attractive.

Keyphrases: multi-threading, parallel model checking, symbolic reachability

In: Mohamed Mosbah and Michael Rusinowitch (editors). SCSS 2017. The 8th International Symposium on Symbolic Computation in Software Science 2017, vol 45, pages 107--119

Links:
BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{SCSS2017:Parallel_Construction_of_Symbolic,
  author    = {Hiba Ouni and Kais Klai and Chiheb Ameur Abid and Belhassen Zouari},
  title     = {A Parallel Construction of the Symbolic Observation Graph: the Basis for Efficient Model Checking of Concurrent Systems},
  booktitle = {SCSS 2017. The 8th International Symposium on Symbolic Computation in Software Science 2017},
  editor    = {Mohamed Mosbah and Michael Rusinowitch},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Computing},
  volume    = {45},
  pages     = {107--119},
  year      = {2017},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair, http://www.easychair.org},
  issn      = {2398-7340},
  url       = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/9pR},
  doi       = {10.29007/7b44}}
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