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Implementation of Incremental Learning in Artificial Neural Networks

12 pagesPublished: October 19, 2017

Abstract

Nowadays, the use of artificial neural networks (ANN), in particular the Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), is very popular for executing different tasks such as pattern recognition, data mining, and process automation. However, there are still weaknesses in these models when compared with human capabilities. A characteristic of human memory is the ability for learning new concepts without forgetting what we learned in the past, which has been a disadvantage in the field of artificial neural networks. How can we add new knowledge to the network without forgetting what has already been learned, without repeating the exhaustive ANN process? In an exhaustively training is used a complete training set, with all objects of all classes.

In this work, we present a novel incremental learning algorithm for the MLP. New knowledge is incorporated into the target network without executing an exhaustive retraining. Objects of a new class integrate this knowledge, which was not included in the training of a source network. The algorithm consists in taking the final weights from the source network, doing a correction of these with the Support Vector Machine tools, and transferring the obtained weights to a target network. This last net is trained with a training set that it is previously preprocessed. The efficiency resulted of the target network is comparable with a net that is exhaustively trained.

Keyphrases: Artificial Neural Networks, incremental learning algorithm, Multilayer Perceptron, Support Vector Machine

In: Christoph Benzmüller, Christine Lisetti and Martin Theobald (editors). GCAI 2017. 3rd Global Conference on Artificial Intelligence, vol 50, pages 221--232

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