The paper deals with issues of the metric geometry basics. In particular, the concept of rectilinear placement of points is considered, based on the axioms of the distance between two points of metric space. This approach allows forming a modern view of the property of straightness in the pupils. This paper analyzes the content of existing mathematics textbooks for general educational institutions to acquaintance of pupils with the elements of metric geometry. The first part of the paper provides information about the rectilinear placement of points; it can be used in Geometry lessons in the 7th – 9th grades. Set of linear functions are considered as examples of points of metric space. The similar work was done in the second part of the work for geometric material of the 10th – 11th grades. In addition, some simple examples of metric spaces that may be accessible to pupils of the relevant classes are discussed. The purpose of the work is gradually introduction of pupils to the elements of non-Euclidean geometries, to form a generalized notion of the distance between the points and rectilinear of their placement. The work can be used for Mathematics teaching at school and for retraining of teachers of Mathematics

Elements of Non-Euclidean Geometry in the Formation of the Concept of Rectilinear Placement of Points in Schoolchildren