Tags:decision support systems, economic indicators, fuzzy arithmetic, fuzzy numbers and labor rationing

Abstract:

Many tasks in economic research are based on arithmetic calculations of indicators that reflect the state of economic development. The general incompleteness of publicly available data, designed to solve such problems, has led to the emergence of numerous decision support systems based on fuzzy arithmetic. The article presents a study on the approach aimed at integrating fuzzy information about economic indicators into economic models. The definition of arithmetic operations on fuzzy values is given, and the methods of obtaining the resulting fuzzy indicators with the help of some software tools are considered. Analytical and numerical methods of obtaining the resulting indicators in the form of fuzzy numbers are described and analyzed. A direct calculation algorithm for all arithmetic operations is proposed, utilized, and used for the evaluation of resulting indicators. Also, analytical and numerical methods for obtaining fuzzy results are considered in the article, and some of them are proposed for utilization. On the example of economic indicators used in the labor rationing, the results of an evaluation of some indicators for a technological operation in the form of fuzzy numbers were obtained by different methods and compared. The practical recommendations, given in the article, on the use of fuzzy arithmetic in decision support systems outline the directions of further research.