Tags:Algebraic Geometry, Functor of points, Linear Logic and Sweedler dual

Abstract:

The language of Algebraic Geometry combines two complementary and dependent levels of discourse: on the geometric side, schemes define spaces of the same cohesive nature as manifolds ; on the vectorial side, every scheme X comes equipped with a symmetric monoidal category of quasicoherent modules, which may be seen as generalised vector bundles on the scheme X. In this paper, we use the functor of points approach to Algebraic Geometry developed by Grothendieck in the 1970s to establish that every covariant presheaf X on the category of commutative rings --- and in particular every scheme X --- comes equipped ``above it'' with a symmetric monoidal closed category Mod_X of presheaves of modules. This category Mod_X defines moreover a model of intuitionistic linear logic, whose exponential modality is obtained by glueing together in an appropriate way the Sweedler dual construction on ring algebras. The purpose of this work is to establish on firm mathematical foundations the idea that linear logic should be understood as a logic of generalised vector bundles, in the same way as dependent type theory is understood today as a logic of spaces up to homotopy.

A Functorial Excursion Between Algebraic Geometry and Linear Logic