Tags:abductive intuitionistic logic, implementing sequent calculi in Prolog, logic programming and automated reasoning, theorem provers for intuitionistic propositional logic and theorem synthesis

Abstract:

With help of a compact Prolog-based theorem prover for Intuitionistic Propositional Logic, we synthesize minimal assumptions under which a given formula formula becomes a theorem.

After applying our synthesis algorithm to cover basic abductive reasoning mechanisms, we synthesize conjunctions of literals that mimic rows of truth tables in classical or intermediate logics and we abduce conditional hypotheses that turn the theorems of classical or intermediate logics into theorems in intuitionistic logic. One step further, we generalize our abductive reasoning mechanism to synthesize more expressive sequent premises using a minimal set of canonical formulas, to which arbitrary formulas in the calculus can be reduced while preserving their provability.

Organized as a self-contained literate Prolog program, the paper supports interactive exploration of its content and ensures full replicability of our results.

Abductive Reasoning in Intuitionistic Propositional Logic via Theorem Synthesis