CADE-29: 29TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTOMATED DEDUCTION
PROGRAM FOR SUNDAY, JULY 2ND
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10:00-10:30Coffee Break
10:30-12:30 Session 6: Proof Theory / Non-Classical Logics
10:30
A Uniform Formalisation of Three-Valued Logics in Bisequent Calculus

ABSTRACT. We present a uniform characterisation of three-valued logics by means of bisequent calculus (BSC). It is a generalised form of sequent calculus (SC) where rules operate on the ordered pairs of ordinary sequents. BSC may be treated as the weakest kind of system in the rich family of generalised SC operating on items being some collections of ordinary sequents. This family covers several forms of hypersequent and nested sequent calculi introduced for providing decent SC for several non-classical logics. It seems that for many non-classical logics, including some many-valued, paraconsistent and modal logics, this reasonably modest generalization of standard SC is sufficient. In this paper we examine a variety of three-valued logics and show how they can be formalised in the framework of bisequent calculus. All provided systems are cut-free and satisfy the subformula property. Also the interpolation theorem is constructively proved for some logics.

11:00
Buy One Get 14 Free: Evaluating Local Reductions for Modal Logic
PRESENTER: Ullrich Hustadt

ABSTRACT. We are interested in widening the reasoning support for propositional modal logics in the so-called modal cube. The modal cube consists of extensions of the basic modal logic K with an arbitrary combination of the modal axioms B, D, T, 4 and 5. We revisit recently developed local reductions from all logics in the modal cube to a normal form comprising sets of clausal formulae with associated modal levels. We extend these reductions further to the basic modal logic K, called definitional reductions. This enables any prover for K to be used to solve the satisfiability problem for all logics in the modal cube. We also present alternative, axiomatic, reductions based on ideas originally proposed by Kracht, providing new theoretical results and improved bounds on the size of the reductions. We compare both sets of reductions combined with state-of-the-art provers for K on a large set of parametric benchmarks for all logics in the modal cube. The results show that the provers per- form better with reductions based on the clausal normal form than the axiomatic reductions.

11:30
Towards a Verified Tableau Prover for a Quantifier-Free Fragment of Set Theory

ABSTRACT. Using Isabelle/HOL, we verify the state-of-the-art decision procedure for multi-level syllogistic with singleton (MLSS for short), which is a quantifier-free fragment of set theory. We formalise its syntax and semantics as well as a sound and complete tableau calculus for it. We also provide an executable specification of a decision procedure that applies the rules of the calculus exhaustively and prove its termination. Furthermore, we extend the calculus with a light-weight type system that paves the way for an integration of the procedure into Isabelle/HOL.

12:00
COOL 2 - A Generic Reasoner for Modal Fixpoint Logics
PRESENTER: Merlin Humml

ABSTRACT. There is a wide range of modal logics for which Kripke frames, or transition systems, do not provide adequate semantics. These logics typically involve probabilities, multi-player games, weights, or neighbourhood structures. Coalgebraic logic serves as a unifying semantic and algorithmic framework for such logics. It provides uniform reasoning algorithms are easily instantiated to particular, concretely given logics. This paper presents COOL 2, an implementation of fixpoint logics on the basis of the generic reasoning algorithms for coalgebraic logics. In concrete instances, we obtain a reasoner for the aconjunctive and alternation free fragments of the graded µ-calculus and the alternating-time µ-calculus. We evaluate the tool on standard benchmark sets for fixpoint-free graded modal logic as well as on a dedicated set of benchmarks for the graded µ-calculus.

12:15
Iscalc: an Interactive Symbolic Computation Framework (System Description)
PRESENTER: Runqing Xu

ABSTRACT. The need to verify symbolic computation arises in diverse application areas. In this paper, based on earlier work on verifying computation of definite integrals in HolPy, we present a tool Iscalc for performing a variety of symbolic computations interactively. The tool supports user-level definitions and dependency among computations, allowing construction and reuse of custom theories. Side conditions are checked on a best-effort basis. The tool is applied to highly non-trivial computations from the textbook Inside Interesting Integrals.

12:30-14:00Lunch Break
14:00-15:30 Session 7: Rewriting
14:00
Confluence Criteria for Logically Constrained Rewrite Systems
PRESENTER: Jonas Schöpf

ABSTRACT. Numerous confluence criteria for plain term rewrite systems are known. For logically constrained rewrite system, an attractive extension of term rewriting in which rules are equipped with logical constraints, much less is known. In this paper we extend the strongly-closed and (almost) parallel-closed critical pair criteria of Huet and Toyama to the logically constraint setting. We discuss the challenges for automation and present crest, a new tool for logically constrained rewriting in which the confluence criteria are implemented, together with experimental data.

14:30
Towards Fast Nominal Anti-Unification of Letrec-Expressions

ABSTRACT. This paper describes anti-unification algorithms for computing least general generalizations of two expressions in a functional programming language with recursive let. First, by exploring a semantic approach to the problem, we argue for an improvement of the technique used in previous papers which avoids infinite chains of less general generalizations. Second, we present a (non-deterministic) nominal general anti-unification algorithm applicable to general expressions, which is complete, terminating and requires polynomial time. Third, we propose a specialized anti-unification algorithm applicable to two or more garbage-free ground expressions that produces a single least general generalization in polynomial time, and which can also exploit further semantically correct equivalences. Our results have potential applications in finding clones in functional programs.

15:00
Incremental Rewriting Modulo SMT
PRESENTER: Gerald Whitters

ABSTRACT. Rewriting Modulo SMT combines two powerful automated deduction techniques (1) rewriting and (2) SMT-solving. Rewriting enables the specification of behavior of systems using rewriting rules, while SMT theories specify system properties. Rewriting Modulo SMT is enabled by combining existing tools, such as Maude and SMT-solvers. Search algorithms used for carrying out Rewriting Modulo SMT, however, cannot exploit the incremental solving features available in SMT-solvers as they are based on breadth-first search. This paper addresses this limitation by proposing Incremental Rewriting Modulo SMT Theories, which is a syntactical restriction to rewriting rules. This restriction turns out to naturally be used in several applications of Rewriting Modulo SMT, including the verification of algorithms, cyber-physical systems, and security protocols. Moreover, we propose a Hybrid-Search algorithm for Incremental Rewriting Modulo SMT Theories that combines breadth-first search and depth-first search thus enabling incremental SMT-solving. We demonstrate through a collection of existing benchmarks that the Hybrid-Search algorithm can achieve a 10X performance improvement in verification times.

15:30-16:00Coffee Break
16:00-17:15 Session 8: SAT
16:00
SAT-Based Subsumption Resolution
PRESENTER: Robin Coutelier

ABSTRACT. Subsumption resolution is an expensive but highly effective simplifying inference for first-order saturation theorem provers. We present a new SAT-based reasoning technique for subsumption resolution, without requiring radical changes to the underlying saturation algorithm. We implemented our work in the theorem prover Vampire, and show that it is noticeably faster than the state of the art.

16:30
Certified Core-Guided MaxSAT Solving
PRESENTER: Andy Oertel

ABSTRACT. In the last couple of decades, developments in SAT-based optimization have led to highly efficient maximum satisfiability (MaxSAT) solvers, but in contrast to the SAT solvers on which MaxSAT solving rests, there has been little parallel development of techniques to prove the correctness of MaxSAT results. We show how pseudo-Boolean proof logging can be used to certify state-of-the-art core-guided MaxSAT solving, including advanced techniques like structure sharing, weight-aware core extraction and hardening. Our experimental evaluation demonstrates that this approach is viable in practice. We are hopeful that this is the first step towards general proof logging techniques for MaxSAT solvers.

17:00
A more Pragmatic CDCL for IsaSAT and targetting LLVM
PRESENTER: Mathias Fleury

ABSTRACT. IsaSAT is the most advanced verified SAT solver, but it does not feature inprocessing (simplify and strengthen clauses). In order to improve performance, we enriched the base calculus to not only do CDCL but also inprocess clauses. We also replaced the target of our code synthesis by Isabelle/LLVM. With these improvements, we can solve 4 times more SAT competition 2022 problems than the original IsaSAT version, and 4.5 times more problems than any other verified SAT solver we are aware of. Additionally, our changes significantly reduce the trusted code base of our verification.

17:15-17:30Mini Break