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An optimized Least-Moving-Point algorithm to detect the hip center

5 pagesPublished: August 17, 2017

Abstract

Functional approaches for the localization of the hip center (HC) are widely used in Computer Assisted Orthopedic Surgery (CAOS). These methods aim to compute the HC defined as the center of rotation (CoR) of the femur with respect to the pelvis. The Least-Moving-Point (LMP) method is one approach which consists in detecting the point that moves the least during the circumduction motion. The goal of this paper is to highlight the limits of the native LMP (nLMP) and to propose a modified version (mLMP). A software application has been developed allowing the simulation of a circumduction motion of a hip in order to generate the required data for the computation of the HC. Two tests have been defined in order to assess and compare both LMP methods with respect to (1) the camera noise (CN) and (2) the acetabular noise (AN). The mLMP and nLMP error is respectively: (1) 0.5±0.2mm and 9.3±1.4mm for a low CN, 21.7±3.6mm and 184.7±13.1mm for a high CN, and (2) 2.2±1.2mm and 0.5±0.3mm for a low AN, 35.2±18.5mm and 13.0±8.2mm for a high AN. In conclusion, mLMP is more robust and accurate than the nLMP algorithm.

Keyphrases: caos, Hip Center, Least-Moving-Point algorithm

In: Klaus Radermacher and Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena (editors). CAOS 2017. 17th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 1, pages 308--312

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